Ideas for Teaching Chance, Data and Interpretation of Data – A Unit of Work for Years 3/4/5


Summary of Unit of Work:

In this unit of work, students partake in a wide variety of hands-on chance experiments (including the use of lollies and exercise) to investigate data. They learn to collect data appropriately and then analyse their data both electronically and by hand, linking ICT skills into the unit. Fun games from Indigenous culture also provide links to the cross-curriculum priorities of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Histories and Culture. The unit was fundamentally built for year 3 students, but as you will see, is easily adapted to numerous year levels.
A huge thank you to Joanne Villis from Inter-Tech Education for submitting this resource.

Australian Curriculum Links:

Year 3 Statistics and Probability:
  • Conduct chance experiments, identify and describe possible outcomes and recognise variation in results (ACMSP067)
  • Identify questions or issues for categorical variables. Identify data sources and plan methods of data collection and recording(ACMSP068)
  • Collect data, organise into categories and create displays using lists, tables, picture graphs and simple column graphs, with and without the use of digital technologies (ACMSP069)
  • Interpret and compare data displays(ACMSP070)

*** Please note that additional links to the Australian Curriculum also exist in other year levels, but the main links are listed above.

Unit of Work Ideas and Activities:



  • Anecdotal assessment of student work;
  • Annotated work samples from workbooks;
  • Possibly collate all information into some sort of presentation to share with the class.


  • IWB as display
  • Sticky notes
  • Workbooks
  • Protractors
  • Pencils
  • Calculators
  • 2 Packets of Jelly Beans
  • Minties
  • Clothes/Beanbags for the ‘Fair Race Game’
  • Rulers
  • Throwing objects for the ‘kal-ka-doon kee-an’ game
  • Data software such as Microsoft Excel, Numbers on iOS, etc.
  • Dice
  • Coloured Paper
  • Zip lock bags




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